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"The only Zen you find on the tops of mountains is the Zen you bring up there."
Robert M. Pirsig
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A Brief History Of Craniosacral Therapy

All the various modern approaches to Craniosacral Therapy have their roots in the work of William Garner Sutherland (1873-1954). Sutherland was an American osteopath and a student of Andrew Taylor Still, the founder of Osteopathy. Sutherland's work spanned over 50 years and is practised by many osteopaths who refer to it as Cranial Osteopathy. The field was expanded by some of Sutherland's pupils and in time their pupils too. In the late 1970s another American osteopath, John Upledger, began to teach cranial work to non-osteopaths, and coined the name 'Craniosacral Therapy'.

In the 1980s Thomas Attlee and Franklyn Sills began teaching Craniosacral Therapy in the UK, mainly to non-osteopaths. 

Craniosacral Therapy includes a wide spectrum of approaches to treatment, drawn from both the earlier and later phases of Sutherland's work, and continues to develop and to incorporate more recent influences. 


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