A Brief History Of Craniosacral Therapy & the CSTA
All the various modern approaches to Craniosacral Therapy have their roots in the work of William Garner Sutherland (1873-1954). Sutherland was an American osteopath and a student of Andrew Taylor Still, the founder of Osteopathy. Sutherland's work spanned over 50 years and is practised by many osteopaths who refer to it as Cranial Osteopathy. The field was expanded by some of Sutherland's pupils and in time their pupils too. In the late 1970's another American osteopath, John Upledger began to teach cranial work to non-osteopaths, and coined the name 'Craniosacral Therapy'.
In the 1980's both Thomas Attlee and Franklyn Sills began teaching Craniosacral Therapy in the UK, also mainly to non-osteopaths. Franklyn Sills set up the Craniosacral Therapy Association in 1989, and it has become the largest UK registering body for practitioners of CST, and accrediting four of the UK based trainings.
The term 'Craniosacral Therapy' covers a wide spectrum of approaches to treatment, drawn from both the earlier and later phases of Sutherland's work, along with more recent influences. Craniosacral work is constantly evolving, and many practitioners are also trained in psychotherapy, counselling, trauma resolution, and other specialities which give CST such a broad holistic approach.